Scientific Name: Crocuta Crocuta
Tour: Addo Elephant Park Tour Height: Hyenas stand 28 to 35 inches high at the shoulder.
Weight: 90 to 190 pounds.
Habitat: Savannas, grasslands, woodlands, forest edges, subdeserts and mountains to 13,000 feet. The hyena is the most abundant large carnivore in areas where antelopes and zebras are found in masses. A formidable scavenger that lives wherever animal resources are adequate.
Diet: Omnivorous scavenger. The hyena eats vertebrates of all kinds, especially hoofed mammals, it seldom eats invertebrates, fruits, or vegetables. Utilizes carcasses of large vertebrates more efficiently than other carnivores. Eats everything but rumen contents and horn bosses of the biggest antelopes, even deriving nourishment from mummified carcasses. Bones, horns, hooves, even teeth are digested completely within 24 hours.
Reproduction: 2 young per litter.
Gestation: Gestation is 4 months. Hyenas mature at 3 years, females later than males.
Predators: Lion, leopard, eagles