Scientific Name: Pycnonotus capensis
Tour: Addo River Safari, Addo Park Tour, Addo Mountain Tour
It generally prefers thickly vegetated fynbos and succulent karoo, as well as coastal scrub, Acacia karoo (Sweet thorn) woodland, suburban parks and gardens.
Endemic to South Africa, where it is very common Across much of the Western Cape, extending along the coast to the Northern and Eastern Cape.
It mainly eats fruit, supplemented with arthropods, seeds and nectar. It usually forages in pairs or small groups, plucking fruit from the foliage of trees and bushes, while occasionally hawking invertebrate prey.
The nest is built solely by the female in about 2-10 days, while the male watches intently. It consists of a sturdy but messy cup built of twigs, grass stems and rootlets, built on a foundation of larger twigs and lined with finer planter material. It is typically placed on a horizontal branch near the edge of a bush’s or tree’s foliage.
Egg-laying season is from August-March, peaking, peaking from September-November.
It lays 2-5 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female for about 11-13.5 days. It leaves the nest about 20-40 times a day to go foraging, in fact it only spends about 60% of the day incubating.
For the first few days the chicks are mainly fed arthropods, but thereafter fruit dominates their diet. Both parents feed the chicks, who leave the nest before they can fly, at about 10-13 days old. They fledge a few days after leaving the nest, but remain dependent on their parents for food for at least two weeks more after leaving. They eventually become fully independent at about 50 days old, at which point they start to sing and call.