Scientific Name: Oriolus larvatus
Habitat: It is quite adaptable, occupying a variety of habitats, including Savanna woodland, miombo (Brachystegiai) woodland, coastal forest, parks, gardens, farmland with scattered trees and alien plantations.
Distribution: Common in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa, from East Africa to southern Africa. Here it occurs throughout Mozambique, Botswana, Limpopo Province, KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape, with smaller populations in extreme nothern Namibia, Western Cape and the North-west Province.
Diet: Eats a range of invertebrates, fruit and seeds, often foraging in mixed species flocks in the tree canopy.
The nest is a deep cup made of strands of old-man’s beard lichen (Usnea), moss, tendrils and grass woven together. It is usually placed between the stems of a fork in a horizontal branch, often far from the main tree trunk, usually 6-9 metres above ground.
Egg-laying season is from September-February, peaking from September-December.
It lays 2-3 eggs, which are incubated for roughly 14-16 days.
The chicks are fed a variety of food items, including bleached rings of millipede exoskeletons, eventually leaving the nest after about 14-18 days.